August 3, 2012

Tomb Of Ramses VI

Tomb Of Ramses VI
This tomb was started by Ramses V and was usurped by his successor. It has three entrance halls, two chambers, a further two corridors, an ante-chamber and the tomb chamber. The wall representations are carried out in low painted relief. The standard of craftsmanship is not high but the tomb chamber itself has one of the most important ceilings in the Valley of the Kings. In fact names and mottoes in Coptic and Greek show that this Golden Hall was an attraction from the first century a.d.

Tomb Of Ramses VI
The first three corridors carry texts and representations from the Praises of Ra. On both sides of the first corridor, at {a) and (b), the deceased Pharaoh stands before the deities Harakhte and Osiris. On the right-hand side of the second corridor (r) is the barge of the Sun- god with the twelve hours of night. Towards the end of the left-hand wall (d) is the figure of Osiris before whom is the boat of the Sun- god. A pig (representing evil) is being driven away from it by sacred dog-headed apes. We now pass into the third corridor.

On the roof there is a painting of the goddess Nut which extends from the beginning of the corridor (j), through the ante-chamber (4) where her body curves to the right of the roof, and ends in the chamber (5). On the right-hand wall of the third corridor is a superb representation of Osiris under a canopy (e).

The chamber (5) has four columns and a sloping passage at the rear which is guarded by sacred winged snakes. The columns show the Pharaoh making offerings to the deities. The roof is rich m colour. On the rear walls (/) and (g) are representations of the enthroned Osiris before whom the deceased burns incense. Though the colour is well-preserved, the reliefs are inferior when compared to those in the tomb of Seti I.

The following corridor (6) takes us further along the road to the underworld. On the left-hand side (1) is the journey in the fourth hour with the sacred cow (centre row) and the crocodile in a boa (second row).

The sloping corridor (7) has sacred and protective emblems an religious formulae from the book of ‘That which is in the Under world’, and leads to an ante-chamber (8). On the right-hand wall (1) is the deceased Pharaoh with Maat. The left-hand wall (j) has texts from the Book of the Dead.

Dark blue and gold predominate in the tomb chamber (9). Across the vaulted ceiling the goddess Nut is twice represented along its entire length, in a graceful semi-circle with backs touching. This represents the morning and evening skies. Her elongated body curves to touch the earth with finger and toe, head to the west, loins to the east.

The entire chamber is a complex of appropriate texts from the Book of the Dead. For example, on the right-hand wall (k) is a small representation (second row) of the boat of the Sun-god, who is represented in the shape of a beetle with a ram’s head. The boat is being worshipped by two human-headed birds and the souls of Kheper and Atum (forms of the Sun-god). Below this scene (to left and right) are the beheaded condemned and above is a representation of the goddess Nut with upstretched arms.

In the niche at the rear of the tomb chamber (/) is the barge of the Sun-god held aloft in upstretched arms.

The smashed sarcophagus of the Pharaoh was left on site by the grave-robbers and priests restored the damaged mummy, which was found in 1898 in the tomb of Amenhotep II.

Tomb Of Ramses VI

A - entrance (solar disc adored by goddesses)
B - first corridor (king before Re-Horakhty and Osiris; scenes from the Book of Gates and the Book of Caverns)
C - second corridor (scenes from the Book of Gates and the Book of Caverns)
D - third corridor (scenes from the Book of Gates, the Book of Caverns and the Books of the Heavens)
E - well chamber (scenes from the Book of Gates, the Book of Caverns and the Books of the Heavens)
F - pillared room (scenes from the Book of Gates, the Book of Caverns and the Books of the Heavens)
G - fourth corridor (scenes from the Amduat; images from the Books of the Heavens on ceiling)
H - fifth corridor (scenes from the Amduat; images from the Books of the Heavens on ceiling)
I - antechamber (king before deities; scenes from the Book of the Dead)
J - burial chamber (scenes from the Book of the Earth; astronomical ceiling with Nut and scenes from the Books of the Heavens)
K - rear room

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