April 11, 2012

Amenhotep I Pharaoh 1551-1524 BC

 Amenhotep I
Djeserkare
Dynasty 18
1551 - 1524 BC


Amenhotep I
Amenhotep I, who reigned for a quarter of a century like his father Ahmose I, has left us few records. According to Ahmose son of Ebana, the king led a military expedition to Kush, where 'His Majesty captured that Nubian Troglodyte in the midst of his army.' A contemporary of Ahmose at el-Kab, Ahmose-Pen-Nekhbet, also mentions a Nubian campaign, and possibly a Libyan one. The king initiated building work at the temple of Karnak, too, as is attested in the autobiographical inscription of Ineni the architect, 'Chief of all Works at Karnak' (Theban tomb 81).

Amenhotep appears to have been the first king to take the radical decision to site his mortuary temple away from his burial place. The location of the latter, however, is uncertain, for although an uninscribed tomb at the Dra Abu el-Naga has been assigned to him, some suggest that a small, undecorated and anciently robbed tomb in the Valley of the Kings (KV 39) belonged to him. Wherever the tomb was, the comission of inspection in Year 16 of Ramses IX reported it to be intact, according to the Abbott Papyrus. Like his father Ahmose, Amenhotep I's mummy was found in excellent condition in the 1881 royal mummy cache.

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