, pub-5063766797865882, DIRECT, f08c47fec0942fa0 Dendera and Temple of Dendera ~ Ancient Egypt Facts

October 17, 2012

Dendera and Temple of Dendera

This is a very ancient religious site and the seat of the worship of Egyptian Hathor Goddess, the cow-goddess. During the New Kingdom, Thutmose II, Ramses II and Ramses III Pharaohs all contributed to the building of the temple of Hathor. The wall reliefs, however, date to a much later period. In fact most of the inscriptions and decorations date from Greco/Roman times and do not compare with the finer work of the earlier periods. Though the temple is constructed in fine symmetry the figures are coarse. Among the Roman Emperors dressed as pharaohs and sacrificing to the gods of Egypt are Augustus, Caligula, Tiberius, Nero and Claudius. On the outer (south) wall is a relief of Caesar, Cleopatra and their son.


The important features of this Dendera temple are the 18 enormous Hathor-headed columns in the Temple's Great Hall, a representation of the Sky Goddess Nut with her feet in one corner of the chamber, elongated body across the roof, and feet in the opposite corner, and the chamber in which the Osiris myth is represented in detail. The famous Zodiac in the National Library in Paris was taken from one of the chambers here.

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