The name of Narmer occurs on other objects, generally scratched on potsherds and the like, and we can be sure that he was a historical personage.
|Faience vessel fragment inscribed with the Horus-name Aha, on display at the British Museum|
|Ivory label from the tomb of Queen Nithotep at Naqada which has in the top line the Horus name of Hor-Aha (second from right) and his nebti name, Men, in front of it. British Museum.|
The king's name, meaning 'Fighting Hawk' - an allusion again to Horus - indicates his Upper Egyptian origin and rule. His adoption of Men as his nebti name for ruling over both parts is indicated on the ivory label by the fact that his Horus name (his first and principal name, p. 218) Hor-Aha, and his nebti name, Men, appear side by side. Other similar small labels from Early Dynastic tombs indicate that his was not an easy reign. There were campaigns to be fought and rebels to be subdued in Nubia, recorded on a wooden label from Abydos, and another label records his foundation of a temple to the goddess Neith at Sais in the Delta. Her warlike aspect was signified by a pair of crossed arrows and her worship continued into Roman times when she was identified with Athena at Sais.